Spatial Thinking in the Geosciences and Cognitive Sciences: A cross-disciplinary look at the intersection of the two fields
K.A. Kastens, T. Ishikawa 2006 Boulder, CO: GSA Books Earth and Mind: How Geologists Think and Learn about the Earth (C.A. Manduca and D.W. Mogk Eds) p. 53-76.
This paper discusses major tasks that professional geoscientists and geoscience learners tackle, with a focus on the spatial nature of the tasks and underlying cognitive processes. Specific tasks include recognizing, describing, and classifying the shape of an object; describing the position and orientation of objects; making and using maps; envisioning processes in 3D; and using spatial-thinking strategies to think about nonspatial phenomena. [description taken mainly from the abstract]