Students' Alternative Conceptions in Chemistry: A Review of Research and Implications for Teaching and Learning
P.J. Garnett, P.J. Garnett, M.W. Hackling 1995 Studies in Science Education v25 p69-96
The authors summarize misconceptions and alternative conceptions developed by undergraduate students in chemistry as uncovered by numerous studies. They emphasize that these are tenacious, and teachers need to explicitly address these alternative conceptions in order for students to form new conceptions.